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Terms, hardware and software

Tools & Set-up

Stitching Process - 1

Stitching Process - 2

Stitching Process - 3

Nadir Shooting Techniques

Nadir Shooting Techniques - Avoiding Shadows

Finding the "Point"




Stitching Process - 3



One hand-held nadir shot... 


NN3 with D70s

Take six pan shots at every 60, one upward (zenith), and one hand-held downward shot (nadir).






In PTGUI, add all the images excluding the nadir shot, generate control points and create panorama.



First initial stitch





In PANO2QTVR, convert the stitched image (equirectangular) to a cubical projection.

The six cubical images generated with PANO2QTVR.


Defish with Nikon Capture



With Nikon Capture, "defish" the nadir automatically with one click.



An alternative to Nikon Capture - Defish with PTGUI


In PTGUI load the nadir image.



In Panorama Settings tab set the following fields as shown.


In Panorama Editor you'll see the changes.



In Create Panorama tab...

- Set optimum size to maximum

- Choose JPEG or TIF

- Choose "Blended panorama only"

-Choose output location.

Then Create Panorama...








In Photoshop, open the defished image, copy the corresponding area and paste on top of the cubical nadir.


Add a layer mask.  You may have to use other tools such as warp, distort, skew, levels, saturation, etc.


Understand how to work with layers here.


Once finished editing, in PANO2QTVR, re-convert the six cubical images back to an equirectangular image.


Osgoode Hall, Toronto



An equirectangular panorama.